TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) is the world's most popular test for assessing the level of English for non-native speakers and their ability to communicate in English in academic and non academic environment. By simulating real class and real campus situations, TOEFL tests assess the candidates' ability to communicate ideas effectively. TOEFL test uses integrated tasks to measure all four skills students need to communicate: reading, listening, speaking and writing. Students may read a passage, listen to a lecture, assimilate what they have learned and then speak or write just as they do in a classroom.
TOEFL is used by many undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate programs around the world as English entry level for candidate students. Because of its reliability to provide objective scoring, TOEFL is widely acceptable worldwide. More than 6000 academic institutions around the world accept TOEFL scores as an entry level requirement.
This first section tests your ability to understand academic written English. The material in this section may be different from the English you’ve read before, especially if you read fiction or popular literature, because it is based on material that English-speaking college students are expected to read and understand.
You will have one hour to read the three reading passages and answer the accompanying questions. After the full text is printed, questions will be grouped by paragraph, which saves you some time and makes it easier to find the information you need. You will see some unfamiliar words in this section, but that’s OK–if the word is necessary, can’t be figured out from context, and is specific to the topic of the text (not used in normal English), the test may allow you to click on the word and get a definition. Each question is worth the same amount, so don’t get stuck for too long on one question. You will have 20 minutes per passage, including the questions.
Now that your language skills are warmed up, you’ll move on to listening, which will test your ability to understand both academic lectures and conversations related to university life. Like the reading section, the listening section will last about an hour. Throughout the entire test, you will have the option of taking notes; in the listening section, this will be essential. Practice listening and writing at the same time, because the lectures are 3-5 minutes long, and you will not be able to remember all the necessary information. The conversations will be shorter, but note-taking will still be very helpful. In all you will listen to 4 or 6 lectures and 2 or 3 conversations.Speaking
The speaking section is the shortest, lasting about 20 minutes. It will involve some independent tasks, which require you to express an opinion briefly (you will have up to a minute to speak), and some integrated tasks, in which you will need to use information from reading and listening in your spoken answers. There are two questions that require you to read, listen and speak, and two that require you only to listen then speak. In all you will answer 6 questions in the speaking section.Writing
As in the speaking section, you will complete an integrated task (20 minutes) and an independent task (30 minutes). The independent task is a persuasive essay, meaning you should express and support an opinion. The integrated task will give you an excerpt from a lecture, an excerpt from a written article, and a question. Your task will be to combine the information from the lecture with that from the written article in order to answer the question. Manage your time well! On the TOEFL you will use a standard QWERTY keyboard. If you need to, now is a good time to practice typing in English, as you will not want to waste time searching for the right letter on the keyboard.